Posts Tagged ‘scar tissue’


Nanotechnology May Help Reconnect Nerves

Posted on April 8th, 2008

U.S. researchers say they have created a nano-engineered gel that can enable severed spinal cord fibers to regenerate and grow.

Mice paralyzed by spinal injuries have been able to walk again thanks to a treatment developed by scientists in the US. The therapy uses proteins that self-assemble into nano-fibers at the site of the injury, encouraging nerves to regrow.

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Spinal Cord Injury Regeneration Hope

Posted on February 17th, 2008

Scientists believe they are close to a significant breakthrough in the treatment of spinal injuries.

The University of Cambridge team is developing a treatment which could potentially allow damaged nerve fibers to regenerate within the spinal cord.

It may also encourage the remaining undamaged nerve fibers to work more effectively.

Spinal injuries are difficult to treat because the body cannot repair damage to the brain or spinal cord.

Although it is possible for nerves to regenerate, they are blocked by the scar tissue that forms at the site of the spinal injury.

Scientists believe they are close to a significant breakthrough in the treatment of spinal injuries.

The Cambridge team has identified a bacteria enzyme called chondroitinase which is capable of digesting molecules within scar tissue to allow some nerve fibers to regrow.

The enzyme also promotes nerve plasticity, which potentially means that remaining undamaged nerve fibers have an increased likelihood of making new connections that could bypass the area of damage.

Boosts rehabilitation

In preliminary tests, the researchers have shown that combining chondroitinase with rehabilitation produces better results than using either technique alone.

However, trials have yet to begin in patients.

Lead researcher Professor James Fawcett said: “It is rare to find that a spinal cord is completely severed, generally there are still some nerve fibers that are undamaged.

“Chondroitinase offers us hope in two ways; firstly it allows some nerve fibers to regenerate and secondly it enables other nerves to take on the role of those fibers that cannot be repaired.

“Along with rehabilitation we are very hopeful that at last we may be able to offer paralyzed patients a treatment to improve their condition.”

‘Ground-breaking’

Dr Yolande Harley, of the charity Action Medical Research which funded the work, said: “This is incredibly exciting, ground-breaking work, which will give new hope to people with recent spinal injuries.”

Paul Smith, of the Spinal Injuries Association, said medical advances meant that spinal injuries had ceased to be the terminal conditions that they often once were, but they still had a huge impact on quality of life.

However, he warned against raising expectation before the treatment was fully tested on patients.

He said: “What often happens in a clinical setting is that you don’t get to see the results you would have liked.”

In the UK there are more than 40,000 people suffering from injuries to their spine, which can take the form of anything from loss of sensation to full paralysis.

The average age at the time of injury is just 19.


Scientists Identify Gene that Helps Salamanders Regrow Limbs

Posted on November 28th, 2007

University of Montreal researchers have identified a gene that allows limb regeneration in the axolotl, a salamander that lives in Mexican lakes.

The gene, called TGF-beta 1, controls the generation and movement of new cells, and allows the axolotl to regrow complex structures like limbs, tail, jaw, spinal cord and even parts of its brain.

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Progress Reported on Spinal Cord Repair

Posted on August 21st, 2006

Neuroscience researchers from several U.S. universities report they recently bypassed a roadblock in spinal cord repair.

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Scientist’s Work May Aid with Paralysis, Head Injuries

Posted on March 13th, 2004

A local researcher has advanced the search for cures for central nervous system injuries by using a naturally occurring substance produced in the body to eliminate scar formation and promote nerve regeneration.

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